CDs rippen unter Ubuntu mit abcde

Heute war ich auf der Suche nach einen Programm mit dem man CDs rippen kann. Ich war erstaunt wie viel Programme es doch für Linux gibt. Ganz bewusst habe ich mich aber für ein reines Konsolenprogramm entschieden, und zwar abcde (A Better CD Encoder). Dank des guten ubuntuusers Wiki zu dem Programm konnte ich schnell die gewünschten Ergebnisse erzielen.

Installation

Unter Lucid Lynx ist das Programm zwar in den Repositories drin, scheint aber einen kleine Bug zu haben. Deshalb habe ich abcde mit einen deb Paket installiert.
http://http.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/a/abcde/

Damit in die gerippten Tracks auch die passenden Tags geschrieben werden, muss man noch die Pakete id3 und id3v2 installieren :

sudo apt-get install id3 id3v2

Meine Konfiguration

abcde liefert eine Konfigurationsdatei mit, die sich unter /etc/abcde.conf mit einen Editor bearbeiten lässt. Ich habe mir, wie im Wiki vorgeschlagen die Datei ins Homeverzeichnis kopiert und dort geändert. So wird die Datei auch bei meinem Backup mitgesichert. Dazu habe ich folgenden Befehl genutzt.

cp /etc/abcde.conf ~/.abcde.conf 

Das wollte ich erreichen

Folgende Eigenschaften sollten meine gerippten CDs haben.

  • Es sollen mp3 Dateien entstehen
  • Diese sollen eine variable Bitrate haben
  • vollständig getagt, mit Jahr und Genre
  • Der Speicherort für die Dateien soll dieser sein: /home/user/Musik/Rips/mp3
  • Der Albumordner soll nach diesem Schema benannt werden.: Artist – Albumname
  • Die Dateinamen sollen nach diesem Schema benannt werden: Tracknummer-Titel
  • Am Ende soll die CD ausgeworfen werden

Was man nun dazu in der .abcde.conf ändern muss werde ich nicht erklären. Im Wiki zu dem Programm steht eigentlich alles was man wissen muss. Auch die Hilfestellungen in der Konfigurationsdatei sind mit mittelmäßigen Englischkenntnissen gut verständlich.

Hier ist nun meine fertige Konfigurationsdatei:

# System defaults for abcde version 2.2.x
# Nothing in this file is uncommented by default.
#
# If you wish to override these system-wide settings, create your own
# .abcde.conf file in your home directory.

# CDDB options

# If you wish to use a different CDDB server, edit this line.
# If you just wanted to use a proxy server, just set your http_proxy
# environment variable – wget will use it correctly.
CDDBURL=“http://freedb.freedb.org/~cddb/cddb.cgi“

# The CDDB protocol level.
# Right now 5 is latin1 output and 6 is UTF8 encoding.
CDDBPROTO=6

# The CDDB protocol requires hello information, including a valid username
# and hostname. If you feel paranoid about giving away such info, edit this
# line – the format is username@hostname.
#HELLOINFO=“`whoami`@`hostname`“
HELLOINFO=“Dime@Pantera“

# This controls the email address CDDB changes are submitted to.
#CDDBSUBMIT=freedb-submit@freedb.org

# The following options control whether or not fetched CDDB entries
# are cached locally in $CDDBLOCALDIR
CDDBCOPYLOCAL=“n“
CDDBLOCALDIR=“$HOME/.cddb“
CDDBLOCALRECURSIVE=“n“

# If NOSUBMIT is set to y, then abcde will never prompt asking if you
# wish to submit your edited cddb file.
NOSUBMIT=n

# If NOCDDBQUERY is set to y, then abcde will never even try to access
# the CDDB server; running abcde will automatically drop you into a
# blank cddb file to edit at your leisure. This is the same as the
# -n option. NOCDDBQUERY=y implies NOSUBMIT=y.
NOCDDBQUERY=n

# Select here if you want to use the locally stored CDDB entries.
# This is useful if you do a lot of editing to those CDDB entries.
# Also, other tools like Grip store CDDB entries under $HOME/.cddb,
# so they can be reused when ripping CDs.
CDDBUSELOCAL=“n“

# List, separated with a comma, the fields we want the parsing function to
# output. Defaults to YEAR and GENRE, for a complete list of fields provided by
# CDDB.
# The fields are not case sensitive. Actually, „y,g“ will work as fine as „Y,G“
# or „YEAR, GENRE“
SHOWCDDBFIELDS=year,genre

# Specify the style of encoder to use here –
# oggenc, vorbize – for OGGENCODERSYNTAX
# lame, gogo, bladeenc, l3enc, xingmp3enc, mp3enc – for MP3ENCODERSYNTAX
# flac – the only supported for FLACENCODERSYNTAX at the moment
# speexenc – the only encoder for SPEEXENCODERSYNTAX
# mppenc – encoder for MPPENCODERSYNTAX
# default is a valid option for oggenc, lame, flac, speexenc and mppenc.
# Currently this affects the default location of the binary, the variable
# to pick encoder command-line options from, and where the options are
# given.
MP3ENCODERSYNTAX=lame
#OGGENCODERSYNTAX=oggenc
#FLACENCODERSYNTAX=flac
#SPEEXENCODERSYNTAX=default
#MPPENCODERSYNTAX=default
#AACENCODERSYNTAX=default

# Specify the syntax of the normalize binary here – so far only ’normalize‘
# is supported.
NORMALIZERSYNTAX=default

# CD reader program to use – currently recognized options are ‚cdparanoia‘,
# ‚icedax‘, ‚cdda2wav‘, ‚dagrab‘, ‚cddafs‘ (Mac OS X only) and ‚flac‘.
CDROMREADERSYNTAX=cdparanoia

# CUE reader syntax for the CUE reader program to use.
# abcde supports 2 CUE modes: ‚mkcue‘ and ‚abcde.mkcue‘ so you can set the
# MKCUE variable accordingly. The ‚abcde.mkcue‘ uses an internal
# implementation, without the need of an external program.
CUEREADERSYNTAX=default

# Specify the program to convert a CUE sheet back to a CD disc ID for CDDB queries.
# Select between ‚/path/to/cue2discid‘ (provided as an example) or
# ‚abcde.cue2discid‘, implemented internaly.
CUE2DISCID=abcde.cue2discid

# Keep the wav files after encoding. Set it to „y“ and remove „clean“ from
# the list of default actions, since we purge the temp directory as default.
KEEPWAVS=n

# Track padding: force abcde to pad tracks using 0, so every song uses a two
# digit entry. If set to „y“, even a single song encoding outputs a file like
# 01.my_song.ext
#PADTRACKS=n
PADTRACKS=y

# Define if you want abcde to be non-interactive.
# Keep in mind that there is no way to deactivate it right now in the command
# line, so setting this option makes abcde to be always non-interactive.
INTERACTIVE=n

# Specify ’nice’ness of the encoder, the CD reader and the distmp3 proc.
# This is a relative ’nice’ness (that is, if the parent process is at a
# nice level of 12, and the ENCNICE is set to 3, then the encoder will
# run with an absolute nice value of 15. Note also, that setting these
# to be empty will result in some default niceness increase (4 in tcsh
# and 10 using the bsdutils‘ nice).
ENCNICE=10
READNICE=10
DISTMP3NICE=10

# Paths of programs to use
LAME=lame
#TOOLAME=toolame
#GOGO=gogo
#BLADEENC=bladeenc
#L3ENC=l3enc
#XINGMP3ENC=xingmp3enc
#MP3ENC=mp3enc
#VORBIZE=vorbize
OGGENC=oggenc
FLAC=flac
#SPEEXENC=speexenc
#MPPENC=mppenc
#AACENC=faac

ID3=id3
ID3V2=id3v2
ID3SYNTAX=id3v2
CDPARANOIA=cdparanoia
CDDA2WAV=icedax
CDDAFS=cp
CDDISCID=cd-discid
CDDBTOOL=cddb-tool
EJECT=eject
MD5SUM=md5sum
DISTMP3=distmp3
VORBISCOMMENT=vorbiscomment
METAFLAC=metaflac
#NORMALIZE=normalize-audio
CDSPEED=eject
#VORBISGAIN=vorbisgain
#MKCUE=mkcue
MKTOC=cdrdao
DIFF=diff

# Options to call programs with:

# If HTTPGET is modified, the HTTPGETOPTS options should also be defined
# accordingly. If HTTPGET is changed, the default options will be set,
# if HTTPGETOPTS is empty or not defined.
HTTPGET=wget
# for fetch (FreeBSD): HTTPGETOPTS=“-q -o -“
# for wget: HTTPGETOPTS=“-q -nv -O -“
# for curl (MacOSX): HTTPGETOPTS=“-f -s“
#HTTPGETOPTS=“-q -O -“

# MP3:
LAMEOPTS=“-V2 –vbr-new“
#TOOLAMEOPTS=
#GOGOOPTS=
#BLADEENCOPTS=
#L3ENCOPTS=
#XINGMP3ENCOPTS=
#MP3ENCOPTS=

# Ogg:
#VORBIZEOPTS=
#OGGENCOPTS=

# FLAC:
#FLACOPTS=“-f“

# Speex:
#SPEEXENCOPTS=

# MPP/MP+ (Musepack):
# For the encoder options take a look at the manpage. Set them like this:
# MPPENCOPTS=‘–xtreme‘ if you wish to set more options then:
# MPPENCOPTS=‘–xtreme –skip 20 –fade 10′
#MPPENCOPTS=

# M4A/AAC
#AACENCOPTS=

#ID3OPTS=
#ID3V2OPTS=
#CDPARANOIAOPTS=
#CDDA2WAVOPTS=
#CDDAFSOPTS=“-f“
#CDDBTOOLOPTS=
#EJECTOPTS=
#DISTMP3OPTS=
#NORMALIZEOPTS=
#CDSPEEDOPTS=“-x“
#CDSPEEDVALUE=““
#MKCUEOPTS=““
#MKTOCOPTS=““
#DIFFOPTS=““
#VORBISCOMMENTOPTS=“-R“
#METAFLACOPTS=“–no-utf8-convert“
#DIFFOPTS=““

# Actions to take
# Comma-separated list of one or more of the following:
# cddb,cue,read,normalize,encode,tag,move,playlist,clean,default
# encode implies read
# normalize implies read
# tag implies cddb,read,encode
# move implies cddb,read,encode,tag
# playlist implies cddb
# An action can be added to the „default“ action by specifying it along with
# „default“, without having to repeat the default ones:
# ACTIONS=default,playlist
# The default action list (referenced as „default“) is defined in the following
# comment:
ACTIONS=cddb,read,encode,tag,move,clean

# CD device you want to read from
# It can be defined as a singletrack flac file, but since it might change from
# file to file it makes little sense to define it here.
CDROM=/dev/cdrom
# If we are using the IDE bus, we need CDPARANOIACDROMBUS defined as „d“
# If we are using the ide-scsi emulation layer, we need to define a „g“
CDPARANOIACDROMBUS=“d“

# If you’d like to make a default location that overrides the current
# directory for putting mp3’s, uncomment this.
OUTPUTDIR=“$HOME/Musik/Rips/mp3/“

# Or if you’d just like to put the temporary .wav files somewhere else
# you can specify that here
WAVOUTPUTDIR=“$HOME/Musik/Rips/wav/“

# OUTPUTTYPE can be either „ogg“, „mp3“, „flac“ or „spx“, or a combination
# of them separated with „,“: „ogg,mp3“.
OUTPUTTYPE=mp3

# Output filename format – change this to reflect your inner desire to
# organize things differently than everyone else🙂
# You have the following variables at your disposal:
# OUTPUT, GENRE, ALBUMFILE, ARTISTFILE, TRACKFILE, and TRACKNUM.
# Make sure to single-quote this variable. abcde will automatically create
# the directory portion of this filename.
# NOTICE: OUTPUTTYPE has been deprecated in the OUTPUTFORMAT string.
# Since multiple-output was integrated we always append the file type
# to the files. Remove it from your user defined string if you are getting
# files like „.ogg.ogg“.
OUTPUTFORMAT=’${ARTISTFILE} – ${ALBUMFILE}/${TRACKNUM}-${TRACKFILE}‘

# Like OUTPUTFORMAT but for Various Artists discs.
VAOUTPUTFORMAT=’VA-${ALBUMFILE}/${TRACKNUM}-${ARTISTFILE}-${TRACKFILE}‘

# Like OUTPUTFORMAT and VAOUTPUTFORMAT but for the ONEFILE rips.
ONETRACKOUTPUTFORMAT=$OUTPUTFORMAT
VAONETRACKOUTPUTFORMAT=$VAOUTPUTFORMAT

# Define how many encoders to run at once. This makes for huge speedups
# on SMP systems. Defaults to 1. Equivalent to -j.
MAXPROCS=1

# Support for systems with low disk space:
# n: Default parallelization (read entire CD in while encoding)
# y: No parallelization (rip, encode, rip, encode…)
LOWDISK=n

# If set to y, enables batch mode normalization, which preserves relative
# volume differences between tracks of an album.
BATCHNORM=n

# Enables nogap encoding when using the ‚lame‘ encoder.
NOGAP=y

# Set the playlist file location format. Uses the same variables and format
# as OUTPUTFORMAT. If the playlist is specified to be in a subdirectory, it
# will be created for you and the playlist will reference files from that
# subdirectory.
PLAYLISTFORMAT=’${ARTISTFILE}-${ALBUMFILE}.${OUTPUT}.m3u‘
# If you want to prefix every filename in a playlist with an arbitrary
# string (such as ‚http://you/yourstuff/‘), use this option
#PLAYLISTDATAPREFIX=“

#Like PLAYLIST{FORMAT,DATAPREFIX} but for Various Artists discs:
VAPLAYLISTFORMAT=’${ARTISTFILE}-${ALBUMFILE}.${OUTPUT}.m3u‘
#VAPLAYLISTDATAPREFIX=“

#This will give the playlist CR-LF line-endings, if set to „y“.
#(some hardware players insist on CR-LF line-endings)
#DOSPLAYLIST=n

# Custom filename munging:
# By default, abcde will do the following to CDDB data to get a useful
# filename:
# * Translate colons to a space and a dash for Windows compatibility
# * Eat control characters, single quotes, and question marks
# * Translate spaces and forward slashes to underscores
# To change that, redefine the mungefilename function.
# mungefilename receives the CDDB data (artist, track, title, whatever)
# as $1 and outputs it on stdout.
#mungefilename ()
#{
# echo „$@“ | sed s,:,\ -,g | tr \ / __ | tr -d \’\“\?\[:cntrl:\]
#}

# Custom genre munging:
# By default we just transform uppercase to lowercase. Not much of a fancy
# function, with not much use, but one can disable it or just turn the first
# Uppercase.
#mungegenre ()
#{
# echo $CDGENRE | tr „[:upper:]“ „[:lower:]“
#}

# Custom pre-read function
# By default it does nothing.
# You can set some things to get abcde function in better ways:
# * Close the CD tray using eject -t (if available in eject and supported by
# your CD device.
# * Set the CD speed. You can also use the built-in options, but you can also
# set it here. In Debian, eject -x and cdset -x do the job.
# KEEP IN MIND that executables included in pre_read must be in your $PATH or
# you have to define them with full /path/to/binary
# Uncomment and substitute the „:“ with your commands.
#pre_read ()
#{
#:
#}

# Custom post-read function
# By default it does nothing.
# You can set some things to get abcde function in better ways:
# * Store a copy of the CD TOC.
# KEEP IN MIND that executables included in post_read must be in your $PATH or
# you have to define them with full /path/to/binary
# Uncomment and substitute the „:“ with your commands.
#post_read ()
#{
#:
#}

# post_encode
# By default it does nothing.
# You can set some things to get abcde function in better ways:
# * Move the resulting directory over the network
# * Compare results with a previously made run, for tests
# KEEP IN MIND that executables included in post_encode must be in your $PATH or
# you have to define them with full /path/to/binary
# Uncomment and substitute the „:“ with your commands.
#post_encode ()
#{
#:
#}

# If you’d like to have abcde eject the cdrom after all the tracks have been
# read, uncomment the following line.
EJECTCD=y

# To encode on the remote machines foo, bar, baz, quux, and qiix, as well as
# on the local machine (requires distmp3 to be installed on local machine and
# distmp3host to be installed and running on all remote machines – see README)
#REMOTEHOSTS=foo,bar,baz,quux,qiix

# Set to obtain some information about actions happening in the background
# Useful if you have a slow network or CDDB servers seem unresponsive.
#EXTRAVERBOSE=n

Wenn ich nun eine CD rippen will, lege ich die ins Laufwerk und starte das Programm mit

abcde

Der Rest geht automatisch🙂

2 Gedanken zu „CDs rippen unter Ubuntu mit abcde

  1. Hi,

    bin auch freudiger Nutzer von abcde. Nur ein paar Tipps:
    * Ogg Vorbis hat bei gleicher Datiegröße bessere Qualität bzw. bei gleicher Qualität kleinere Dateien.
    * Ogg Vorbis wird inzwischen von fast jeder Hardware unterstützt.
    * Es gibt einen Patch, der statt der CDDB die Musicbrainz-Datenbank anzapft: http://code.google.com/p/abcde/issues/detail?id=3

    Damit fahre ich auch richtig gut. Hatte mal zwei GUIs getetstet (http://mampfit.wordpress.com/2009/10/23/cds-rippen-mit-ubuntu-sound-juicer-vs-grip/), hab es aber nicht einmal geschafft, die Qualität richtig einzustellen.

    Außerdem werden manchmal bei MP3 die ID3-Tags nicht geschrieben (der von Dir erwähnte Bug). Dann hilft es, eyeD3 nachzuinstallieren und folgende Konfiguration abzuändern:
    ID3V2=eyeD3 # Use eyeD3 for tagging
    ID3SYNTAX=eyed3 # Let abcde know that eyeD3's syntax is requiered

    Würde ich daher auch generell empfehlen.

    Gruß & Danke für den schönen Artikel!
    Ben

    1. Hallo Ben,

      Danke für die Tipps! Du hast ja auch recht.

      Ich bin aber leider etwas Apple geschädigt (iPod und iPhone) und da ist mp3 die bessere Wahl.

      Ich habe mir auch mal deinen Blogartikel durchgelesen und bin jetzt froh, dass ich von Anfang an abcde genommen habe.🙂

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